Someone asked me how to teach Comprehention. Actually there are some standard to follow in order to set a good comprehension paper. Therefore, what you need to do at the first place, is to understand what kind of question they are asking. Then you can figure out what kind of answer they expect. I am not sure how to explain those terms in English. In Chinese, it is like: 字面性理解，引申理解，推广性理解，判断性理解，创造性理解。
Second, students need to have the habbit to think. I will use some passage to train students, to understand the meaning of some key words based on the context. And apply the meaning to re-enforce the key points of the passage.