Kids health info for parents
The symptoms of head injuries are used to determine how serious it is. Head injuries can be classified into minor, moderate or serious.
A severe head injury is when your child:
- Has lost consciousness for more than 30 seconds.
- Is drowsy and does not respond to your voice.
- Has other significant head injury signs, such as unequal pupils, arm and leg weakness.
- Has something stuck in their head.
- Has a second fit or convulsion, other than a single brief one when the injury happened.
You should call an ambulance immediately if your child has a severe head injury.
A moderate head injury is when your child:
Your child should be watched closely in hospital for at least 4 hours after a moderate head injury.
- Has lost consciousness for less than 30 seconds.
- Is alert and responds to your voice.
- Has vomited 2 times or more.
- Has a headache.
- One brief fit may have happened straight after the injury.
- May have a large bruise, lump or cut on the head.
A minor head injury is when your child:
Treatment of minor head injury
- Has not lost consciousness.
- Is alert or interacts with you.
- May have vomited, but only once.
- May have bruising or cuts on their head.
- Otherwise normal.
Most children with minor head injury make a full recovery. Most small knocks just cause bruising and pain for a short while.
- Apply ice or a cool wash to the area injured to help reduce the swelling.
- If your child has a cut, apply a clean dressing and press on it for about 5 mins. Cuts to the head will often bleed a lot.